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Everyone suffers from the fear of one thing or the other but phobia goes beyond the limit of normal fear. It can be irrational and debilitation for the person suffering from it. It usually causes an unrealistic sense of danger towards a situation or an object, which might lead to a disruption of daily routine or life. It can be very distressing for the person.
Phobia is an overwhelming, persistent, excessive, unrealistic fear of an object/ person/ animal/ activity or situation. It’s a type of Anxiety Disorder. It’s more common in females than in males.
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What are the Types of Phobias?
It is specific phobia towards something. It’s more common type of phobia.
in this type a person feels that people would judge him which would lead to embarrassment/ humiliation so they avoid such situations like social gathering/ functions/ get-together etc.
It’s fear of a situation where they think escape would be impossible so they avoid such situations like being in supermarket, public transport etc. they might even confine themselves to their homes.
How do I know I have Phobia?
- Dizziness/ Unsteadiness/ Light-headedness
- Nausea/ Vomiting
- Raised Heart Rate
Why does Phobia occur?
- Associated with particular incident/ trauma
- Learned response from parents/ siblings/ person who have phobia
- Genetic: few people who have anxiety are more prone to develop phobia or inherit traits.
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Is Phobia Treatable?
Yes, with proper treatment and therapy phobia could be cured.
How do I Get Well?
The aim is to reduce the response of a person when encountered with a situation a person fears. The therapy includes gradual & steady exposure to the sense of phobia:
- Self-exposure therapy
- Self-help program organized with the help of health professionals
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Medication: Antidepressant/ Tranquillizers.
Common Phobias seen in People:
- Agoraphobia: fear of open spaces
- Aichmophobia: fear of needles/ sharp object
- Acrophobia: fear of heights
- Aerophobia: fear of flights
- Arachnophobia: fear of spiders
- Astraphobia: fear of lightning/ thunder
- Claustrophobia: fear of confined/ crowded spaces
- Coulrophobia: fear of clowns
- Cynophobia: fear of dogs
- Dentophobia: fear of dentists
- Gamophobia: fear of marriage
- Glossophobia: fear of speaking in public
- Homophobia: fear of blood
- Herpetophobia: fear of reptiles
- Mysophobia: fear of contamination/ dirt
- Ophidiophobia: fear of snakes
- Social phobia: fear of being in social event/ situations
- Thanatophobia: fear of losing loved ones
- Trypanophobia: fear of injection/ needles/ medical procedure
- Zoophobia: fear of animals
With this post i’m spreading mental awareness in the public to reduce the stigma associated with mental illness. I hope my post has answered some of your queries for the rest feel free to reach out.
Be Healthy & Be Happy.