Hyperthyroidism: My Friend Alexa 2021
Table of Contents
Thyroid diseases affect whole of the body since it affects the body metabolic rate. Hyperthyroidism or hyperactive thyroid causes excessive release of thyroid hormones in the system leading to an overactive body. Hypothyroidism is a relatively less life-threatening condition but on another hand, hyperthyroid had severe complications. A person suffering from overactive thyroid should be very cautious.
How do I recognize hyperthyroidism?
- Weight loss
- Increased appetite
- Increased heart rate causing palpitations
- Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat- it’s a serious symptom)
- Intolerance to heat
- Increased bowel movements causing diarrhea
- Thin, coarse skin
- Anxiety, nervousness
- Disturbed sleep pattern, reduced sleep
- Enlarged thyroid gland in neck
- Brittle & dry hair
- Bulging of eyes/ Blurring of vision (Grave’s disease)
Risk factors of Hyperthyroidism
- Family history
- Gender: more common in females
- Age: >60 years
- Few diseases like Pernicious Anemia/ Type 1 Diabetes/ primary Adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s Disease)
- Pregnancy or Post-partum (after delivery)
What are the causes of Hyperthyroidism?
- Grave’s Disease: it’s an auto-immune disease in which the body attacks thyroid gland in turn thyroid gland releases all of the stored hormones in body. It causes hyperthyroidism. It’s a genetically inherited condition and it runs in the family.
- Thyroid nodule: at times thyroid gland develops hypersecreting nodules which have ability to produce more hormones and release them in the body, which leads to hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroiditis: it’s a type of infection and swelling of thyroid gland causing it to produce more thyroid hormone after certain period the infection subsides and thyroid gland becomes less active going into hypothyroidism.
- Iodine: if there’s increased uptake of iodine in body either by drugs or at times by iodine rich dye then it might lead to hyperthyroidism.
How do I know if it’s hyperthyroidism?
Investigations have to be done to confirm the disease
- Thyroid function test
- Thyroid scan (it can detect hypersecreting thyroid gland or nodule)
Treatment of hyperthyroidism?
- Medication: it could be managed by Anti-Thyroid drugs like:
- Methimazole (Neomercazole)
- Propylthiouracil (PTU)
- Radioactive iodine: The radio tagged Iodine is given by tablets and it’s uptake by thyroid causes destruction of hyperactive areas of thyroid gland.
- Surgery: the surgeon removes the hyper-secreting part of thyroid gland to normalize the level of thyroid hormone in body.
- Beta blockers: they stop the adverse actions of thyroid hormones on the body. They do not alter the disease status but controls the symptoms.
Complications of Hyperthyroidism
- Grave’s Ophthalmopathy: it’s a condition that develops with high thyroid levels. Bulging, red & swollen eyes with blurring or double vision. If left untreated then could lead to vision loss too.
- Heart Problems: in hyperthyroidism heart problems are very common like increased heart rate & rhythm abnormalities like arrhythmias etc. Which might further lead to congestive heart failure (heart is not able to meet with the demands of the body)
- Osteoporosis: there’s a reduction in bone density in hyperthyroidism so they’re prone to breakage.
- Thyroid Storm: it’s a Life-threatening condition & happens in a stressful condition like trauma/ heart attack etc.
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Disclaimer: This post is a part of Blogchatter’s My friend Alexa 2021 Challenge.
- Post 1: https://livingherself.com/2021/09/20/my-friend-alexa-2021/
- Post 2: https://livingherself.com/2021/09/22/know-about-thyroid-diseases/
- Post 3: https://livingherself.com/2021/09/24/do-i-have-thyroid-disease-hypothyroidism/